8th July Agreement: a political fraud
The motto "crucial for the
It is expected that soon after the February elections in
In six weeks the Cypriots will choose a new president. The
President Tassos Papadopoulos, who is standing for re-election for a second term, portrays the 8 July agreement as a major success, arguing it will lead to a "new basis" for a solution that will not resemble in any way the Annan plan. The objective supposedly remains a bizonal, bicommunal federation but . . . "with the right content".
Let us, however, examine the 8 July agreement and study carefully its first, and most important, clause.
- "A commitment for the reunification of
Let us also take a step back and see what is specified in the relevant Security Council resolutions. The definition of political equality and of a bizonal, bicommunal federation are explained in detail in paragraphs 11 and 17-25 of the UN Secretary General's report dated 3 April 1992 (S/23780). These paragraphs were unanimously endorsed by the Security Council in its resolution number 750 (1992).
In brief, this Secretary General's report states the following:
- One federal state with a single sovereignty, without the right of secession.
- The federation will be bicommunal as regards its constitutional structure and bizonal as regards its territorial aspect.
- Every community will have the majority in its respective area, as regards both population and land ownership.
- The freedom of settlement is subject to restrictions.
- The right to property will be subject to the need to preserve the bizonality of the federal states.
- The 1960 Treaties of Guarantee and
Whether right or wrong, this is the content of the bizonal bicommunal federation as was defined in the Security Council resolutions. In other words, this is another Annan plan! This is the solution that Tassos Papadopoulos committed himself to pursue under the agreement he signed on 8 July. He may have rejected the Annan Plan because he claimed that he inherited it, but he is responsible for breathing life and signing the 8 July agreement. Everything else that is being said about a "new basis" or of a federation with the "right content" is nothing else than "political fraud."
In 2004 the international community had made it very clear: "The dilemma is between this solution or no solution at all." The 8 July agreement confirms this. Unfortunately, even if there is a solution to the
Why, then, should the Greek Cypriots accept in 2008 a solution that will be worse from the one they rejected in 2004? We have to admit that the reunification of
The only way out is if a new government emerges from the forthcoming election -- a task that appears to be difficult -- that will dare tell the truth to the people and will try to salvage whatever can be salvaged from the collapsing Greek Cypriot policies on the Cyprus issue.